What Are Wrinkles?
Wrinkles, especially on the face, are an unsightly and irritating problem, but unfortunately ineluctable with aging.
Photo-aging makes our faces look much older than we’d like and probably than we feel.
A wrinkle is a fold, ridge or crease in the skin.
Wrinkles constitute one of the earliest visible signs of aging, if not the first.
Aging skin droops and develops wrinkles, lines and furrows.
The severity of these changes in an individual depends on genetic tendency, skin phototype (skin color) and exposure to various environmental factors.
Wrinkles are classified as follows:
- Fine lines, arising because of irregular thickening of the dermis and because of a poor hydration of the epidermis.
They are mainly due to environmental factors such as sun damage, or smoking.
- Deeper lines, or furrows, are classified as dynamic or static.
Dynamic lines appear with the movement, i.e. the activity of facial muscles, whilst static lines are unchanged with muscles movements.
Dynamic lines tend to become static with aging.
o Crow’s feet around the eyes are due to smiling.
o Worry lines on the forehead.
o Frown lines between the eyebrows, when contracting or angry.
o Perioral lines.
- Sags and bags
o Brow ptosis (the forehead sags so the eyebrows drop over the eyelids, which feel heavy).
o Eyelid ptosis (upper eyelid droops).
o Baggy upper and lower eyelids.
o Sagging lower eyelids.
o Loss of neckline.
o Elongated earlobes.
o Dropping of the tip of the nose.
o Thinning of the upper lip.